# Ex 6.5,18 - Chapter 6 Class 12 Application of Derivatives

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Transcript

Ex 6.5,18 A rectangular sheet of tin 45 cm by 24 cm is to be made into a box without top, by cutting off square from each corner and folding up the flaps. What should be the side of the square to be cut off so that the volume of the box is maximum ? Let m be the length of a side of the removed square Length after removing = 45 = 45 2 Breadth after removing = 24 = 24 2 Height of the box = We need to maximize volume of box Let V be the volume of a box Volume of a cuboid = l b h = 45 2 24 2 = 45 24 2 2 24 2 = 1080 90 48 +4 2 = 1080 90 2 48 2 +4 3 = 1080 138 2 +4 3 = 2 540 69 2 +2 3 = 2 2 3 69 2 +540 V = 2 2 3 69 2 +540 Diff w.r.t V = 2 2 3 69 2 + 540 = 2 6 2 69 2 +540 = 2 6 2 138 +540 = 2 6 2 23 +90 = 12 2 23 +90 Putting V =0 12 2 23 +90 =0 2 23 +90=0 2 5 18 +90=0 5 18 5 =0 18 5 =0 So, x = 18 & x = 5 If = 18 Breadth of a box = 24 2 = 24 2(18) = 24 36 = 12 Since, breadth cannot be negative, x = 18 is not possible Hence = 5 only Finding V V =12 2 23 +90 V =12 2 23 Putting =5 V 5 =12 2 5 23 = 12 10 23 = 12 13 = 156 V <0 when =5 Thus, V is maximum at =5 Square of side 5 cm is cut off from each Corner

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Chapter 6 Class 12 Application of Derivatives

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.