   1. Chapter 5 Class 12 Continuity and Differentiability
2. Serial order wise
3. Examples

Transcript

Example 42 Verify Rolle’s theorem for the function y = x2 + 2, a = – 2 and b = 2. y = x2 + 2, a = –2 and b = 2 Let 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥^2+2 Rolle’s theorem is satisfied if Condition 1 𝑓(𝑥) is continuous at (−2 , 2) Since 𝑓(𝑥) is a polynomial . it is continuous Conditions of Rolle’s theorem 𝑓(𝑥) is continuous at (𝑎 , 𝑏) 𝑓(𝑥) is derivable at (𝑎 , 𝑏) 𝑓(𝑎) = 𝑓(𝑏) If all 3 conditions satisfied then there exist some c in (𝑎 , 𝑏) such that 𝑓′(𝑐) = 0 Condition 2 𝑓(𝑥) is differentiable at (−2 , 2) Since 𝑓(𝑥) is a polynomial . it is differentiable Condition 3 𝑓(−2) = (−2)^2+2 = 4+2 = 6 𝑓(2) = 2^2+2 = 4+2 = 6 Hence, 𝑓(2) = 𝑓(−2) Conditions of Rolle’s theorem 𝑓(𝑥) is continuous at (𝑎 , 𝑏) 𝑓(𝑥) is derivable at (𝑎 , 𝑏) 𝑓(𝑎) = 𝑓(𝑏) If all 3 conditions satisfied then there exist some c in (𝑎 , 𝑏) such that 𝑓′(𝑐) = 0 Now, 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥^2+2 𝑓^′ (𝑥) = 2x So 𝑓^′ (𝑐) = 2𝑐 Since all 3 conditions are satisfied 𝑓^′ (𝑐) = 0 2𝑐 = 0 𝑐 = 0 Value of c i.e. 0 lies between −2 and 2. Hence c = 0 ∈ (−𝟐, 𝟐) Thus , Rolle’s theorem is satisfied.

Examples 