Example 42 - Verify Rolle’s theorem for y = x2 + 2, a = -2 - Verify Rolles theorem

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  1. Chapter 5 Class 12 Continuity and Differentiability
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Example 42 Verify Rolle’s theorem for the function y = x2 + 2, a = – 2 and b = 2. y = x2 + 2, a = –2 and b = 2 Let 𝑓 𝑥﷯ = 𝑥﷮2﷯+2 Rolle’s theorem is satisfied if Condition 1 𝑓(𝑥) is continuous at (−2 , 2) Since 𝑓(𝑥) is a polynomial . it is continuous Condition 2 𝑓(𝑥) is differentiable at (−2 , 2) Since 𝑓(𝑥) is a polynomial . it is differentiable Condition 3 𝑓(−2) = −2﷯﷮2﷯+2 = 4+2 = 6 𝑓(2) = 2﷮2﷯+2 = 4+2 = 6 Hence 𝑓(2) = 𝑓(−2) Now, 𝑓 𝑥﷯ = 𝑥﷮2﷯+2 𝑓﷮′﷯ 𝑥﷯ = 2x So 𝑓﷮′﷯ 𝑐﷯ = 2𝑐 Since all 3 conditions are satisfied 𝑓﷮′﷯ 𝑐﷯ = 0 2𝑐 = 0 𝑐 = 0 Value of c i.e. 0 lies between −2 and 2. Hence c = 0 ∈ −𝟐, 𝟐﷯ Thus , Rolle’s theorem is satisfied.

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