# Example 42 - Chapter 5 Class 12 Continuity and Differentiability

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Transcript

Example 42 Verify Rolle’s theorem for the function y = x2 + 2, a = – 2 and b = 2. y = x2 + 2, a = –2 and b = 2 Let 𝑓 𝑥 = 𝑥2+2 Rolle’s theorem is satisfied if Condition 1 𝑓(𝑥) is continuous at (−2 , 2) Since 𝑓(𝑥) is a polynomial . it is continuous Condition 2 𝑓(𝑥) is differentiable at (−2 , 2) Since 𝑓(𝑥) is a polynomial . it is differentiable Condition 3 𝑓(−2) = −22+2 = 4+2 = 6 𝑓(2) = 22+2 = 4+2 = 6 Hence 𝑓(2) = 𝑓(−2) Now, 𝑓 𝑥 = 𝑥2+2 𝑓′ 𝑥 = 2x So 𝑓′ 𝑐 = 2𝑐 Since all 3 conditions are satisfied 𝑓′ 𝑐 = 0 2𝑐 = 0 𝑐 = 0 Value of c i.e. 0 lies between −2 and 2. Hence c = 0 ∈ −𝟐, 𝟐 Thus , Rolle’s theorem is satisfied.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 8 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo. You can check his NCERT Solutions from Class 6 to 12.