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Chapter 6 Class 12 Application of Derivatives

Serial order wise

Last updated at April 19, 2021 by Teachoo

Example 34 Find two positive numbers whose sum is 15 and the sum of whose squares is minimum. Let first number be 𝒙 Since Sum of two positive numbers is 15 𝑥+ 2nd number = 15 2nd number = 15 – 𝒙 Let S(𝑥) be the sum of the squares of the numbers S(𝑥)= (1st number)2 + (2nd number) 2 S(𝒙)=𝒙^𝟐+(𝟏𝟓−𝒙)^𝟐 We need to minimize S(𝒙) Finding S’(𝒙) S’(𝑥)=𝑑(𝑥^2+ (15 − 𝑥)^2 )/𝑑𝑥 =𝑑(𝑥^2 )/𝑑𝑥+(𝑑(15 − 𝑥)^2)/𝑑𝑥 = 2𝑥+ 2(15−𝑥)(−1) = 2𝑥− 2(15−𝑥) = 2𝑥−30+2𝑥 = 4𝒙−𝟑𝟎 Putting S’(𝒙)=𝟎 4𝑥−30=0 4𝑥=30 𝑥=30/4 𝒙=𝟏𝟓/𝟐 Finding S’’(𝒙) S’’(𝑥)=𝑑(4𝑥 − 30)/𝑑𝑥 = 4 Since S’’(𝒙)>𝟎 at 𝑥=15/2 ∴ 𝑥=15/2 is local minima Thus, S(𝑥) is Minimum at 𝑥=15/2 Hence, 1st number = 𝑥=𝟏𝟓/𝟐 2nd number = 15−𝑥=15−15/2=𝟏𝟓/𝟐