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Example 18  Show curves, slope of tangent is x2 + y2 / 2xy - Solving homogeneous differential equation

Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 2
Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 3 Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 4 Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 5 Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 6 Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 7 Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 8 Example 18 - Chapter 9 Class 12 Differential Equations - Part 9


Transcript

Example 18 Show that the family of curves for which the slope of the tangent at any point , on its 2 + 2 2 , is given by 2 2 = We know that the slope of the tangent at , of a curve is Given slope of tangent at , is 2 + 2 2 Therefore = 2 + 2 2 Step 1: Find = 2 + 2 2 Step 2: Put = F So, F = 2 + 2 2 Finding F , F , = 2 + 2 2 = 2 2 + 2 2 2 2 = 2 2 + 2 2 2 = 2 + 2 2 = F , So , F , = F , = F , So , F , is homogeneous function of degree zero, Therefore given equation is a homogeneous differential equation Step 3: Solving by putting = = 2 + 2 2 Put = Diff. w.r.t. = = + = + Putting values and y in (i) v + = 2 + ( ) 2 2 ( ) v + = 2 + 2 2 2 2 v + = 2 + 2 2 2 2 . 2 2 v + = 2 + 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 v + = 2 + 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 = 2 + 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 = 2 2 2 2 2 = 2 1 2 2 . 2 = 1 2 2 = 1 2 2 . 1 2 1 2 = 2 2 1 = 2 2 1 = Integrating Both Sides 2 2 1 = 2 2 1 = 2 2 1 = + Solving Put 2 1= Diff. w.r.t. 2 1 = 2 = = 2 2 2 1 = 2 2 = = log Putting t = v2 1 = log 2 1 From (2) 2 2 1 = + log 2 1 = + 1 Putting = or = log 2 1 = + 1 log 2 1 = + 1 log 2 1 + =+ 1 2 1 = 1 2 2 1 = 1 Putting 1= log 2 2 1 = log 1 Removing log 2 2 1 = 1 2 2 = 1 2 = 1 2 2 = 1 2 2 = 1 2 2 = 1 Put = 1 = Hence Proved

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.