Examples

Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability
Serial order wise

### Transcript

Sample Space When die is thrown 3 timesA die is thrown 3 times S = {(1, 1, 1), (1, 1, 2), ......, (1, 1, 6), (1, 2, 1), (1, 2, 2), ......, (1, 2, 6), (1, 3, 1), (1, 3, 2), ......, (1, 3, 6), (1, 4, 1), (1, 4, 2), ......, (1, 4, 6), (1, 5, 1), (1, 5, 2), ......, (1, 5, 6), (1, 6, 1), (1, 6, 2), ......, (1, 6, 6), (2, 1, 1), (2, 1, 2), ......, (2, 1, 6), (2, 2, 1), (2, 2, 2), ......, (2, 2, 6), (2, 3, 1), (2, 3, 2), ......, (2, 3, 6), (2, 4, 1), (2, 4, 2), ......, (2, 4, 6), (2, 5, 1), (2, 5, 2), ......, (2, 5, 6), (2, 6, 1), (2, 6, 2), ......, (2, 6, 6), (3, 1, 1), ......, (3, 1, 6), (3, 2, 1),......, (3, 2, 6), (3, 3, 1),......, (3, 3, 6), (3, 4, 1),......, (3, 4, 6), (3, 5, 1),......, (3, 5, 6), (3, 6, 1),......, (3, 6, 6), (4, 1, 1), ……………..(4, 6, 6), (5, 1, 1), ……………..(5, 6, 6), (6, 1, 1), ……………..(6, 6, 6)} Example 5 A die is thrown three times. Events A and B are defined as below: A : 4 on the third throw B : 6 on the first and 5 on the second throw Find the probability of A given that B has already occurred. A die is thrown 3 times S = {(1, 1, 1) ,.........., (1, 6, 6), (2, 1, 1), .........., (2, 6, 6), (3, 1, 1), .........., (3, 6, 6), (4, 1, 1), ……………..(4, 6, 6), (5, 1, 1), ……………..(5, 6, 6), (6, 1, 1), ……………..(6, 6, 6)} Total cases = 6 × 6 × 6 = 216 Given, A: 4 on the third throw B: 6 on the first & 5 on the second throw We need to find the probability of A, given that B has already occurred i.e. P(A|B) Now, P(A|B) = (𝑃(𝐴 ∩ 𝐵))/(𝑃(𝐵)) = (1/216)/(6/216) = 𝟏/𝟔