Analyze the role and impact of regional parties on the federal structure and politics of India. Give examples of some of the regional parties that have influenced the national politics.


Answer by Student

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  • Regional parties are political parties that are based in a particular state or region , and represent the interests and aspirations of that area. Regional parties have played an important role and impact on the federal structure and politics of India. 
  • They have challenged the dominance of national parties, especially the Congress, and have increased the political competition and representation in the country.


  • They have formed coalition governments at the centre, either by joining or supporting the national parties, and have influenced the policy-making and governance at the national level.


  • They have asserted their regional identity and autonomy , and have demanded more devolution of powers and resources from the centre to the states.


  • They have highlighted the regional issues and problems , such as language, culture, development, water-sharing, etc., and have mobilised the people on these bases.

  • They have also contributed to the social justice and empowerment of the marginalised sections of society, such as the lower castes, minorities, women, etc.
  • Some of the examples of regional parties are:
    • Shiv Sena and Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) in Maharashtra
    • All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ( AIADMK ) in Tamil Nadu
    • Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in Delhi
    • Samajwadi Party (SP) in Uttar Pradesh
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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.