What are the two main types of cropping seasons in India? Name one crop that is grown in each season.
Answer by Student
- The two main types of cropping seasons in India are Kharif and Rabi.
- One crop that is grown in Kharif season is rice and one crop that is grown in Rabi season is wheat.
Detailed Explanation by Teachoo
Cropping seasons are the periods of time when different crops are cultivated and harvested in India. They depend on the climatic conditions, rainfall patterns, soil types and irrigation facilities of different regions. There are three main cropping seasons in India - Kharif, Rabi and Zaid. However, Kharif and Rabi are the most important ones as they cover most of the cultivated area and produce most of the food grains.
- Kharif season - This is the season when crops are sown at the beginning of the monsoon rains, usually from June to July, and harvested at the end of the monsoon season, usually from September to October. Kharif crops require warm and wet climate and plenty of water for their growth. Some examples of Kharif crops are rice, maize, millet, sorghum, cotton, sugarcane, soybean, groundnut, etc.
- Rabi season - This is the season when crops are sown after the monsoon rains are over, usually from October to November, and harvested before the onset of the summer season, usually from February to March. Rabi crops require cool and dry climate and less water for their growth. Some examples of Rabi crops are wheat, barley, oats, gram, mustard, linseed, peas, etc.
Thus, rice is a crop that is grown in Kharif season and wheat is a crop that is grown in Rabi season.