Check sibling questions

Ex 4.5, 14 - Find numbers a and b such that A2 + aA + bI = O

Ex 4.5, 14 - Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants - Part 2
Ex 4.5, 14 - Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants - Part 3
Ex 4.5, 14 - Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants - Part 4

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Transcript

Ex 4.5, 14 For the matrix A = [■8(3&2@1&1)] , find the numbers a and b such that A2 + aA + bI = O. Finding A2 A2 = A.A = [■8(3&2@1&1)] [■8(3&2@1&1)] = [■8(3(3)+2(1)&3(2)+2(1)@1(3)+1(1)&1(2)+1(1))] = [■8(9+2&6+2@3+1&2+1)] = [■8(11&8@4&3)] Now, A2 + aA + bI = O Putting values [■8(11&8@4&3)] + a [■8(3&2@1&1)] + b [■8(1&0@0&1)] = O [■8(11&8@4&3)] + [■8(3a&2a@a&a)] + [■8(b&0@0&b)] = O [■8(11+3a+b&8+2a+0@4+a+0&3+a+b)] = O [■8(3a+b+11&2a+8@4+a&a+b+3)] = [■8(0&0@0&0)] Since the matrices are equal, Comparing corresponding elements 3a + b + 11 = 0 2a + 8 = 0 4 + a = 0 a + b + 3 = 0 Solving (3) a + 4 = 0 a = –4 Putting value a in (1) 11 + 3 a + b = 0 11 + 3 (–4) + b = 0 11 – 12 +b = 0 –1 + b = 0 …(1) b = 1 Hence, a = −4, b = 1

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.