- Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbon having only single bonds between the carbon atoms
- An Alkyl group is an alkane missing one hydrogen atom. These alkyl groups can be seen as branches in the hydrocarbon structures
Methyl Group (-CH 3 )
- We know that Methane (CH 4 ) is an alkane .
- It has 4 hydrogen atoms.
- If we remove one hydrogen atom, we get CH 3
- This -CH 3 is called Methyl Group
Ethyl Group (C 2 H 5 - )
- We know that Ethane ( C 2 H 6 ) is an alkane.
- It has 6 hydrogen atoms.
- If we remove one hydrogen atom, we get -C 2 H 5 .
- This -C 2 H 5 is called Ethyl Group.