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Cyclic Hydrocarbons

Cyclic Hydrocarbons are arranged in the form of a ring. They can be both saturated and unsaturated .

Example - Cyclohexane , Benzene

Cyclohexane

  • The formula of Cyclohexane is C 6 H 12 .
  • There are 6 carbon atoms and 12 Hydrogen Atoms and they both form single bonds with each other, arranged in a ring.

Note : Since there are only single bonds between the carbon atoms, Cyclohexane is saturated .

STRUCTURAL AND ELECTRON DOT FORMULA OF CYCLOHEXANE - Teachoo.jpg

                

Benzene

  • The formula of Benzene is C 6 H 6
  • In this case, there are 6 carbon atoms and 6 hydrogen atoms
  • There are 3 double bonds and 3 single bonds

Note: Since there is a double bond in the structure, it is unsaturated.

STRUCTURAL AND ELECTRON DOT FORMULA FOR BENZENE - Teachoo.jpg

Branched Chain Saturated Hydrocarbons:

Hydrocarbons are the compounds containing carbon and hydrogen.

  • Since carbon has the tendency to form compounds with itself ,  branches of carbon atoms sometimes attach themselves to a carbon chain.
  • When there is no double/triple bond in the compound formed , it is called a branched chain of saturated hydrocarbons.

 

Examples:

2 Methyl Propane (Also called Isobutane )

STRUCTURE OF 2-METHYL PROPANE - Teachoo.jpg

2 MethylButane (Also called Isopentane )

STRUCTURE OF ISOPENTANE - Teachoo.jpg

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo