Carbon atoms have the unique ability to form bonds with other carbon atoms

  • These carbon atoms connect atom to atom to form long chains . This property is known as Catenation .
  • Catenation is an extremely useful property as it gives rise to a large number of Carbon compounds.
  • These compounds are also known as Organic compounds


Carbon not only forms bonds with itself but also other atoms. 

  • Since Carbon is a small atom , the electrons experience a strong force of attraction from Carbon’s nuclei.
  • Hence, it forms very strong bonds
  • Formation of strong covalent bonds by carbon atoms with themselves and other atoms leads to the formation of extremely stable compounds

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo