Differentiate between ionic bond and covalent bond




Ionic Bond

Covalent Bond

  1. It is a type of bond which is formed by transfer of electrons from one atom to another.
  2. These are polar bonds which means that the atom which donates electrons attains a positive charge and the one which receives it attains a negative charge. 
  3. Ionic bonds are stronger and more energy is required to break these bonds. 
  4. Example bond formed between Sodium (Na) and Chlorine (Cl) in NaCl.
  1. This type of bond is formed by sharing electrons between two atoms.

  2. These are non polar bonds .

  3. Covalent bonds are comparatively weaker and therefore, less energy is required to break these bonds.
  4. Example bond formed between Carbon  (C) and Hydrogen (H) in Methane (CH 4 ). 


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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo