Check sibling questions

Ex 10.3, 11 - Show |a|b + |b|a is perpendicular to |a|b - |b|a

Ex 10.3, 11 - Chapter 10 Class 12 Vector Algebra - Part 2


Transcript

Ex 10.3, 11 Show that |𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗+ |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗ is perpendicular to |𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗− |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗, for any two nonzero vectors 𝑎 ⃗ and 𝑏 ⃗ If two vectors 𝑝 ⃗ and 𝑞 ⃗ are perpendicular to each other , then their scalar (dot) product is zero, i.e. 𝒑 ⃗ . 𝒒 ⃗ = 0 Hence, to show (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ + |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗) is perpendicular to (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ − |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗), We need to prove (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ + |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗) . (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ − |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗) = 0 Solving L.HS. (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ + |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗) . (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ − |𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗) = (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ ) . (|𝑎 ⃗ |" " 𝑏 ⃗ ) − (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ ) . (|𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗ ) + (|𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗ ). (|𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑏 ⃗ ) – (|𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗ ) . (|𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗ ) = |𝑎 ⃗ |2 𝑏 ⃗ . 𝑏 ⃗ − |𝑎 ⃗ ||𝑏 ⃗ | 𝒃 ⃗ . 𝒂 ⃗ + |𝑏 ⃗ | |𝑎 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗. 𝑏 ⃗ − |𝑏 ⃗ |2𝑎 ⃗ . 𝑎 ⃗ = |𝑎 ⃗ |2 𝑏 ⃗ . 𝑏 ⃗ − |𝑎 ⃗ ||𝑏 ⃗ | 𝒂 ⃗ . 𝒃 ⃗ + |𝑎 ⃗ ||𝑏 ⃗ | 𝑎 ⃗. 𝑏 ⃗ − |𝑏 ⃗ |2𝑎 ⃗ . 𝑎 ⃗ = |𝑎 ⃗ |2 𝒃 ⃗ . 𝒃 ⃗ − |𝑏 ⃗ |2𝒂 ⃗ . 𝒂 ⃗ = |𝑎 ⃗ |2 |𝒃 ⃗ |𝟐 −|𝑏 ⃗ |2 |𝒂 ⃗ |𝟐 = 0 = RHS Hence proved.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.