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Example 25 - Show that path of a moving point such that distance - Distance of a point from a line

  1. Chapter 10 Class 11 Straight Lines
  2. Serial order wise
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Example 25 Show that the path of a moving point such that its distances from two lines 3x – 2y = 5 and 3x + 2y = 5 are equal is a straight line. Given lines are 3x – 2y = 5 i.e. 3x – 2y – 5 = 0 & 3x + 2y = 5 i.e. 3x + 2y – 5 = 0 Let point (h, k) be any point whose distance from line (1) & (2) equal We know that distance of a point (x1, y1) from line Ax + By + C = 0 is d = |〖𝐴𝑥〗_1 + 〖𝐵𝑦〗_1 + 𝐶|/√(𝐴^2 + 𝐵^2 ) Here distance of a point (h, k) from line 3x – 2y – 5 = 0 is d = |〖𝐴𝑥〗_1 + 〖𝐵𝑦〗_1 + 𝑐|/√(𝐴^2 + 𝐵^2 ) Here x1 = h , y1 = k & A = 3 , B = −2 , C = −5 Putting values d = |3(ℎ) + (−2)(𝑘) + (5)|/√((3)^2 + ( − 2)^2 ) d = |3ℎ − 2𝑘 + 5|/√13 Since both distance are equal |3ℎ − 2𝑘 − 5|/√13 = |3ℎ + 2𝑘 − 5|/√13 |3ℎ − 2𝑘 − 5| = |3ℎ + 2𝑘 − 5| 3h – 2k – 5 = ± (3h + 2k – 5) So, 3h – 2k – 5 = 3h + 2k – 5 or 3h – 2k – 5 = – ( 3h + 2k – 5) ∴ The point (h, k) satisfies the equation of line y = 0 or x = 5/3 which represents straight line Hence, path of the point equidistant from the line (1) & (2) is straight line

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He provides courses for Mathematics from Class 9 to 12. You can ask questions here.
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