The ability of plants to give rise to new individuals from their various body parts like roots, stems, leaves etc. is known as vegetative propagation.
Example - Leaves of Bryophyllum reproduces by vegetative propagation
Layering (in which a branch of a plant is used to produce new individuals) and grafting (in which a stem is capable of producing a new plant) are two such methods that can be used to grow sugarcane, rose, grapes etc.
Advantages of vegetative propagation:
- The new plants can be grown much faster by using this method as compared to those grown from seed.
- Plants like banana, rose, orange and jasmine which have lost their ability to produce seeds can be grown by vegetative propagation .
- Also, all the plants produced are genetically similar to the parent and have all its characteristics.