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It is seen in multicellular organisms with relatively simple body design. In fragmentation, the body simply breaks into smaller pieces and these pieces grow and mature into new individuals. Eg. Spirogyra



  • Higher multicellular organisms cannot simply grow by cell to cell division because they are not just a random collection of cells.
  • In multicellular organisms, specialised cells are organised into tissues, tissues to organs, organs to organ systems and final into the organism. 
  • Also, different cells perform different functions .Therefore, we need more complex systems for reproduction in these organisms.

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FRAGMENTATION IN SPIROGYRA Nucleus Septa Spiral Chloroplast

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo