Ex 1.1

Ex 1.1, 1 (i)

Ex 1.1, 1 (ii)

Ex 1.1, 1 (iii) Important

Ex 1.1, 1 (iv)

Ex 1.1, 1 (v)

Ex 1.1, 2

Ex 1.1, 3

Ex 1.1, 4

Ex 1.1, 5 Important

Ex 1.1, 6

Ex 1.1, 7

Ex 1.1, 8

Ex 1.1, 9 (i) You are here

Ex 1.1, 9 (ii)

Ex 1.1, 10 (i)

Ex 1.1, 10 (ii)

Ex 1.1, 10 (iii) Important

Ex 1.1, 10 (iv)

Ex 1.1, 10 (v)

Ex 1.1, 11

Ex 1.1, 12 Important

Ex 1.1, 13

Ex 1.1, 14

Ex 1.1, 15 (MCQ) Important

Ex 1.1, 16 (MCQ)

Last updated at April 16, 2024 by Teachoo

Ex 1.1, 9 (Introduction) Show that each of the relation R in the set A = {x ∈ Z: 0 ≤ x ≤ 12} , given by (i) R = { (a, b):|a – b| is a multiple of 4} is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all elements related to 1 in each case. Modulus function |1| = 1 |2| = 2 |0| = 0 |−1| = 1 |−3| = 3 Ex 1.1, 9 Show that each of the relation R in the set A = {x ∈ Z: 0 ≤ x ≤ 12} , given by (i) R = { (a, b):|a – b| is a multiple of 4} is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all elements related to 1 in each case. A = {x ∈ Z: 0 ≤ x ≤ 12} = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12} R = {(a,b) : |a – b| is a multiple of 4} Note: Multiples of 4 are 0, 4, 8, 12 i.e. |a – b| can be 0, 4, 8, 12 only Check reflexive Since |a – a| = |0| = 0 & 0 is a multiple of 4 So, |a – a| is a multiple of 4 ∴ (a, a) ∈ R, ∴ R is reflexive. Check symmetric We know that |a – b| = |b – a| Hence, if |a – b| is a multiple of 4, then |b – a| is also a multiple of 4 Hence, If (a, b) ∈ R, then (b, a) ∈ R ∴ R is symmetric Check transitive If |a – b| is a multiple of 4, then (a – b) is a multiple of 4 Similarly, if |b – c| is a multiple of 4 , then (b – c) is a multiple of 4 Now, Sum of multiple of 4 is also a multiple of 4 a – b + b – c is a multiple of 4 ⇒ a – c is a multiple of 4 Hence, |a – c| is a multiple of 4 ∴ If |a – b| &|b – c| is a multiple of 4 , then |a – c| is a multiple of 4 i.e. If (a, b) ∈ R & (b, c) ∈ R , then (a, c) ∈ R ∴ R is transitive Since R is reflexive, symmetric and transitive, it is equivalence relation We need to find set of elements related to 1 R = {(a, b) : |a – b| is a multiple of 4} & A = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12} Here a = 1, The set of elements related to 1 are {1, 5, 9}