Ex 1.1

Ex 1.1, 1 (i)

Ex 1.1, 1 (ii)

Ex 1.1, 1 (iii) Important

Ex 1.1, 1 (iv)

Ex 1.1, 1 (v)

Ex 1.1, 2

Ex 1.1, 3

Ex 1.1, 4

Ex 1.1, 5 Important

Ex 1.1, 6

Ex 1.1, 7

Ex 1.1, 8

Ex 1.1, 9 (i)

Ex 1.1, 9 (ii) You are here

Ex 1.1, 10 (i)

Ex 1.1, 10 (ii)

Ex 1.1, 10 (iii) Important

Ex 1.1, 10 (iv)

Ex 1.1, 10 (v)

Ex 1.1, 11

Ex 1.1, 12 Important

Ex 1.1, 13

Ex 1.1, 14

Ex 1.1, 15 (MCQ) Important

Ex 1.1, 16 (MCQ)

Last updated at April 16, 2024 by Teachoo

Ex 1.1, 9 Show that each of the relation R in the set A = {x ∈ Z: 0 ≤ x ≤ 12} , given by (ii) R = {(a, b): a = b} is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all elements related to 1 in each case. A = {x ∈ Z: 0 ≤ x ≤ 12} = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12} R = {(a, b) : a = b} Check reflexive Since a = a is always true, So, (a, a) ∈ R, ∴ R is reflexive. Check symmetric We know that If a = b, then b = a Hence, if (a, b) ∈ R, then (b, a) ∈ R Hence, R is symmetric Check transitive If a = b & b = c, then a = c If (a, b) ∈ R & (b, c) ∈ R, then (a, c) ∈ R Hence, R is transitive Hence, R is reflexive, symmetric and transitive, ∴ it is equivalence relation We need to find set of elements related to 1 R = {(a, b) : a = b} All elements related to 1 means a = 1, If a = 1, then b = a = 1 ∴ Only (1, 1) satisfies the relation. Hence, the set of elements related to 1 is {1}.