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Learn in your speed, with individual attention - Teachoo Maths 1-on-1 Class


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Ex 11.2, 3 Show that the line through the points (4, 7, 8), (2, 3, 4) is parallel to the line through the points (–1, –2, 1), (1, 2, 5).Two lines having direction ratios 𝑎1, b1, c1 and 𝑎2, b2, c2 are parallel if 𝒂𝟏/𝒂𝟐 = 𝒃𝟏/𝒃𝟐 = 𝒄𝟏/𝒄𝟐 Also, a line passing through (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2) has the direction ratios (x2 − x1), (y2 − y1), (z2 − z1) A (4, 7, 8), B (2, 3, 4) Direction ratios = 2 − 4, 3 − 7, 4 − 8 = −2, −4, −4 ∴ 𝒂𝟏 = −2, 𝒃𝟏 = −4, 𝒄𝟏 = −4 C (−1, −2, 1), D (1, 2, 5) Direction ratios = 1 − (−1), 2 − (−2), 5 − 1 = 2, 4, 4 ∴ 𝒂𝟐 = 2, 𝒃𝟐 = 4, 𝒄𝟐 = 4 Now, 𝒂𝟏/𝒂𝟐 = (−2)/2 = –1 𝒃𝟏/𝒃𝟐 = (−4)/4 = –1 𝒄𝟏/𝒄𝟐 = (−4)/4 = –1 Since 𝑎1/𝑎2 = 𝑏1/𝑏2 = 𝑐1/𝑐2 = −1 Thus, the direction ratios are proportional Therefore, the given lines are parallel.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.