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Ex 10.2, 8 - Line which is at a perpendicular distance of 5 units - Ex 10.2

  1. Chapter 10 Class 11 Straight Lines
  2. Serial order wise
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Ex10.2, 8 Find the equation of the line which is at a perpendicular distance of 5 units from the origin and the angle made by the perpendicular with the positive x-axis is 30° We need to calculate equation of line Perpendicular distance of line from origin is 5 unites & Normal makes an angle of 30° with the positive x-axis By the normal from Equation of line is x cos ω + y sin ω = p. where, p = normal distance from the origin & ω = angle which makes by the normal with positive x-axis Here p = 5 & ω = 30° Putting values x cos ω + y sin ω = p x cos 30° + y sin 30° = 5 x √3/2 + y 1/2 = 5 (√3 𝑥 + 𝑦)/2 = 5 √3 𝑥 + y = 10 √3 𝑥 + 𝑦 – 10 = 0 Thus, equation of line is √3 𝑥 + 𝑦 – 10 = 0

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