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Last updated at Sept. 3, 2021 by Teachoo

Transcript

Misc 21 Find the sum of the following series upto n terms: (i) 5 + 55 + 555 + … This is not GP but it can relate it to a GP by writing as Sum = 5 + 55 + 555 + ….. to n terms = 5(1) + 5(11) + 5(111) + … to n terms taking 5 common = 5(1 + 11 + 111 + … to n term) Divide & multiply by 9 = 5/9[9(1 + 11 + 111 + … to n term)] = 5/9 [9 + 99 + 999 +….to n terms ] = 5/9 [(10 – 1) + (100 – 1)+ (1000 – 1) + … to n terms ] = 5/9 [(10 – 1) + (102 – 1)+ (103 – 1) + … to n terms ] = 5/9 [(10 – 1) + (102 – 1)+ (103 – 1) + … to n terms ] = 5/9 [(10 + 102 + 103 + …. n terms) – (1 + 1 + 1 + … n terms) = 5/9 [(10 + 102 + 103 + …. n terms) – n × 1] = 5/9 [(10 + 102 + 103 + …. n terms) – n] We will solve (10 + 102 + 103 + …. n terms) separately We can observe that this is GP where first term = a = 10 & common ratio r = 102/10 = 10 We know that sum of n terms = (a(𝑟^𝑛− 1))/(𝑟 − 1) Putting value of a & r 10 + 102 + 103 + …….to n terms = (10(10n − 1))/(10 − 1) Substitute 10 + 102 + 103 + …….to n terms = (10(10n − 1))/(10 − 1) in (1) Sum = 5/9 [(10 + 102 + 103 + …….to n terms ) – n] = 5/9 [ (10(10n−1))/(10−1) − n ] = 5/9 [ (10(10n−1))/9 − n ] = 50/81 (10n – 1) − 5n/9 Hence sum of sequence 5 + 55 + 555 + ….. to n terms is = 50/81 (10n – 1) - 5n/9

Miscellaneous

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Misc 21 (i) Important You are here

Misc 21 (ii)

Misc 22 Important

Misc 23 Important

Misc 24 Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Misc 25 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

Misc 26 Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams

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About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 10 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.