Different Crops grow in different parts of India


They are mainly of 2 types

  • Rabi Crops
  • Kharif Crops

Kharif Crops

They are sown in Rainy Season

Rainy season in India is from June to September

These crops require a substantial amount of water for their growth

Kharif crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season during September or October

These crops are also known as Paddy crops

Example – Paddy, Rice, Corn, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Maize, Groundnut, Cotton



Rabi Crops

They are sown in Winter Season (October to March)

The sowing of the rabi crops begins at the beginning of the Winter

They are harvested by March or April

Examples - Wheat, Oat, Gram,Pea, Mustard, Almond, Broccoli,Linseed



Summer Crops (Zaid Crops)

Also, there are some crops which are grown in the summers, i.e. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June

These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops

Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela)


To Summarize

summary-of-different-types-of-crops (1).jpg



NCERT Question 2 -  Match items in column A with those in column B



(i) Kharif crops

(a) Food for cattle

(ii) Rabi crops

(b) Urea and superphosphate

(iii) Chemical fertilisers

(c) Animal excreta, cow dung urine and plant  waste

(iv) Organic manure

(d) Wheat, gram, pea


(e) Paddy and maize

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NCERT Question 3 (a) - Give two examples of each.
Kharif crop

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NCERT Question 3 (b) - Give two examples of each.
Rabi crop
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NCERT Question 7 - If wheat is sown in the kharif season, what would happen? Discuss.
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NCERT Question 11 (4) - Complete the following word puzzle with the help of clues given below.

A rabi crop that is also one of the pulses.

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo