What is Preparing of Soil.?
This is the first step in agriculture
It means Preparing Soil for Sowing Seeds
It involves the following steps
It means turning the soil and loosening it.
It is done so that top soil is not blown away by wind
Sometimes manures are added to increase fertility of soil
Why is Ploughing of Soil done?
Why is soil loosened or turned?
Roots of Plant can penetrate inside(go inside) soil easily
Also soil which is rich in nutrients can come up so that plant can use it
Loosening of soil help in growth of earthworms.Earthworm are friends of farmers.They help in adding humus to soil
What is Humus?
Dead Plants are eaten by microorganisms and earthworms .Their nutrients are released in soil when these plants are decomposed.
This is called humus
What is Tilling or Ploughing? How it is done?
The process of loosening and turning of the soil is called tilling or ploughing
It is done by using one of following methods
It is used with the help of bull
It is triangular in shape and has 3 parts
- Beam - It is placed on bulls neck
- PloughShare - It is strong triangular iron strip
- Plough Shaft - It is long log of wood which actually helps in ploughing
It is simple tool.it has long rod of wood and iron blade
It is also pulled by animals
It is also used for removing weeds and loosening the soil.
Nowadays,ploughing is also done by tractors.This saves time and labour
NCERT Q4 (a) - Write a paragraph in your own words on each of the following.
Preparation of soil