What is Sowing

Putting seeds in soil is called sowing


How to select seeds for sowing

Good Quality seeds are selected for sowing

They are chosen by putting them in water

If they are of bad quality,they became hollow and float in water

If they are of good quality,they sink in water




What are Different Methods of Sowing?

Traditional method

It is done with the help of ox or bull

Seeds are filled in funnel and passed through sharp ends

Seeds pass through pipes having sharp ends.

These sharp ends pierce soil and seeds are placed there


Sometimes seeds were also sown by hand which was called broadcasting



Modern Method(Using Seed Drill)


Seed Drill is used with help of tractors


Seeds are sown uniformly at equal distance.Thus there is no overcrowding and  plants get sufficient sunlight and nutrients

Seeds are covered by soil after sowing, thus they are not eaten by birds


Seed Drill.jpg


Growing Plants in Nursery

Nursery is like a lab for plants

Some seeds are first grown in nursery into seedlings, and then transplanted to field

Example of such plants are

  • Paddy(Rice)
  • Flowering Plants
  • Forests Plants

Plant nursery.jpg

What is the meaning of transplantation?

The process of transferring seedling(tiny plants) from nursery to main field by hand is called Transplantation

It is done so that only good quality seeds are selected for sowing, also roots of plant can penetrate deeper into soil if it is grown

Example -Paddy and vegetables like tomatoes and Chillies (Mirch)



NCERT Question 1 (c) - Select the correct word from the following list and fill in the blanks.
float, water, crop, nutrients, preparation

Damaged seeds would _____________ on top of water.

View Answer


NCERT Question 4 (b) - Write a paragraph in your own words on each of the following.


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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo