Check sibling questions

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Example 51 Important You are here

Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions
Serial order wise

Example 51 - Consider f(x) = sin x, g(x) = cos x. Show that f and g

Example 51 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 2
Example 51 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 3

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Transcript

Example 51 Consider a function f : [0,π/2 ] → R given by f (x) = sin x and g: [0,π/2 ] → R given by g(x) = cos x. Show that f & g are one-one, but f + g is not Checking one-one for f f : [0, π/2 ] → R f (x) = sin x f(x1) = sin x1 f(x2) = sin x2 Putting f(x1) = f(x2) sin x1 = sin x2 So, x1 = x2 Rough One-one Steps: 1. Calculate f(x1) 2. Calculate f(x2) 3. Putting f(x1) = f(x2) we have to prove x1 = x2 Hence, if f(x1) = f(x2) , then x1 = x2 ∴ f is one-one Checking one-one for g g : [0,π/2 ] → R g(x) = cos x g(x1) = cos x1 g(x2) = cos x2 Putting g(x1) = g(x2) cos x1 = cos x2 So, x1 = x2 Rough One-one Steps: 1. Calculate f(x1) 2. Calculate f(x2) 3. Putting f(x1) = f(x2) we have to prove x1 = x2 Hence, if g(x1) = g(x2) , then x1 = x2 ∴ g is one-one Checking one-one for f + g f + g : [0,π/2 ] → R f + g (x) = sin x + cos x But (f + g) (0) = sin 0 + cos 0 = 0 + 1 = 1 &(f + g) [𝛑/𝟐] = sin π/2 + cos π/2 = 1 + 0 = 1 Since, different elements 0, 𝜋/2 have the same image 1, ∴ f + g is not one-one.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.