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  1. Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions
  2. Serial order wise
  3. Examples

    Example 1

    Example 2

    Example 3

    Example 4 Important

    Example 5

    Example 6 Important

    Example 7

    Example 8

    Example 9

    Example 10

    Example 11 Important

    Example 12 Important

    Example 13 Important

    Example 14 Important

    Example 15 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 16 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 17 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 18 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 19 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 20 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 21 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 22 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 23 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 24 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 25 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 26 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 27 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 28 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 29 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 30 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 31 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 32 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 33 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 34 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 35 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 36 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 37 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 38 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 39 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 40 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 41 Important

    Example 42 Important

    Example 43 Important

    Example 44

    Example 45 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

    Example 46 Important

    Example 47 Important

    Example 48 Important You are here

    Example 49

    Example 50

    Example 51 Important


Transcript

Example 48 Show that the number of equivalence relation in the set {1, 2, 3} containing (1, 2) and (2, 1) is two. Total possible pairs = { (1, 1) , (1, 2), (1, 3), (2, 1) , (2, 2), (2, 3), (3, 1) , (3, 2), (3, 3) } Each relation should have (1, 2) and (2, 1) in it For other pairs, Let’s check which pairs will be in relation, and which won’t be Total possible pairs = { (1, 1) , (1, 2), (1, 3), (2, 1) , (2, 2), (2, 3), (3, 1) , (3, 2), (3, 3) } Reflexive means (a, a) should be in relation . So, (1, 1) , (2, 2) , (3, 3) should be in a relation Symmetric means if (a, b) is in relation, then (b, a) should be in relation . So, since (1, 2) is in relation, (2, 1) should also be in relation Transitive means if (a, b) is in relation, & (b, c) is in relation, then (a, c) is in relation So, if (1, 2) is in relation, & (2, 1) is in relation, then (1, 1) should be in relation Relation R1 = { Total possible pairs = { (1, 1) , (1, 2), (1, 3), (2, 1) , (2, 2), (2, 3), (3, 1) , (3, 2), (3, 3) } So, smallest relation is R1 = { (1, 2), (2, 1), (1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3) } If we add (2, 3), then we have to add (3, 2) also , as it is symmetric but, as (1 , 2) & (2, 3) are there, we need to add (1, 3) also , as it is transitive As we are adding (1, 3), we should add (3, 1) also, as it is symmetric Relation R2 = { Hence, only two possible relations are there which are equivalence (1, 1) , (2, 2) , (3, 3)

Examples

Example 1

Example 2

Example 3

Example 4 Important

Example 5

Example 6 Important

Example 7

Example 8

Example 9

Example 10

Example 11 Important

Example 12 Important

Example 13 Important

Example 14 Important

Example 15 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 16 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 17 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 18 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 19 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 20 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 21 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 22 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 23 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 24 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 25 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 26 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 27 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 28 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 29 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 30 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 31 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 32 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 33 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 34 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 35 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 36 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 37 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 38 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 39 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 40 Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 41 Important

Example 42 Important

Example 43 Important

Example 44

Example 45 Important Not in Syllabus - CBSE Exams 2021

Example 46 Important

Example 47 Important

Example 48 Important You are here

Example 49

Example 50

Example 51 Important

About the Author

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.