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Subjects priortised to bring institutional reforms - Teachoo.png

  • The pace of agricultural development has been slowed down by continued land uses without suitable technological and institutional changes .
  • Despite the development of irrigation resources, the majority of farmers in many regions of the country still rely on the monsoon and natural fertility to sustain their agriculture.
  • In India more than 60% of the population depends on agriculture for a living, 
  • It requires significant technical and institutional changes .
  • Collectivisation, consolidation of holdings, cooperation, and the abolition of zamindari was prioritized   to bring about institutional reforms in the nation after Independence.

Reforms initiated by the government

  • The fundamental objective of the first five-year plan was land reform.
  • Land holdings had already become fragmented due to the inheritance right , resulting in the consolidation of land .
  • land reform regulations were passed , but their implementation was not carried out well.
  • In the 1960s and 1970s , the Indian government started implementing agricultural reforms to enhance Indian agriculture.
  • Several initiatives were made to improve the state of Indian agriculture such as the green revolution and the White revolution (operation flood).
  • In the 1980s and 1990s comprehensive land development program was started that encompassed both institutional and technical reforms.
  • Kissan Credit Card (KCC) and the Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) were launched by the Indian government for the benefit of farmers.
  • The government additionally establishes minimum support prices , remunerative and procurement prices to prevent farmers from getting exploited by middlemen and  speculators.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.