Rubber Cultivation - Teachoo.png

  • Rubber is an equatorial crop. 
  • Grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas
  • Climatic Condition
    •   Moist and humid climate.
    • High Precipitation (above 200cm).
    • Annual temperature above 25°C.
  • Major rubber producing states : Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman, and Nicobar islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya.

Fibre Crops

Fibre Crops - Teachoo.png

  • The four main fibre crops grown in India are cotton, jute, hemp, and natural silk .
  • Cotton, jute, and hemp are obtained from crops cultivated in the soil
  • Silk is obtained from the cocoons of the silkworms fed on green leaves, particularly mulberry.
  • Sericulture is the practice of rearing silkworms to produce silk fibre .


Cotton Cultivation - Teachoo.png

  • Cotton is one of the main raw materials for the cotton textile industry .
  • After China, India was the second-largest cotton producer in 2017 .
  • Cotton grows well in the Deccan plateau .
  • Black cotton soil (regur soil) is required for the growth of cotton
  • Climate conditions to grow cotton
    • High temperature and bright sunshine 
    • Low rainfall or irrigation
  • 210 frost-free days
  • It is a Kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature.
  • Major cotton-producing states : Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana


Jute Cultivation - Teachoo.png

  • It is referred to as the golden fibre.
  • Jute cultivate on well-drained fertile soils in the flood plains where the soil is continually replenished .
  • During the growing phase , a high temperature is necessary .
  • It is used to create many artifacts, including gunny bags , mats, ropes, yarn , and carpets .
  • Due to its expensive price , it is losing market share to synthetic packaging materials and fibres, particularly nylon.
  • Major jute-producing states :  West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, and Meghalaya 
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Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.