- Rubber is an equatorial crop.
- Grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas
- Moist and humid climate.
- High Precipitation (above 200cm).
- Annual temperature above 25°C.
- Major rubber producing states : Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman, and Nicobar islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya.
- The four main fibre crops grown in India are cotton, jute, hemp, and natural silk .
- Cotton, jute, and hemp are obtained from crops cultivated in the soil .
- Silk is obtained from the cocoons of the silkworms fed on green leaves, particularly mulberry.
- Sericulture is the practice of rearing silkworms to produce silk fibre .
- Cotton is one of the main raw materials for the cotton textile industry .
- After China, India was the second-largest cotton producer in 2017 .
- Cotton grows well in the Deccan plateau .
- Black cotton soil (regur soil) is required for the growth of cotton .
to grow cotton
- High temperature and bright sunshine
- Low rainfall or irrigation
- 210 frost-free days
- It is a Kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature.
- Major cotton-producing states : Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana
- It is referred to as the golden fibre.
- Jute cultivate on well-drained fertile soils in the flood plains where the soil is continually replenished .
- During the growing phase , a high temperature is necessary .
- It is used to create many artifacts, including gunny bags , mats, ropes, yarn , and carpets .
- Due to its expensive price , it is losing market share to synthetic packaging materials and fibres, particularly nylon.
- Major jute-producing states : West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, and Meghalaya