- Several different kinds of food and fibre crops, vegetables and fruits, spices and sauces, etc. are among the significant crops farmed in the country.
- India has three cropping seasons.
- Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.
- Precipitation during winter due to western temperate cyclones helps these crops to grow .
- Success of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh, and some areas of Rajasthan also influenced the growth of rabi crops .
- Examples : wheat, barley, peas, gram, and mustard .
- Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon and these are harvested in September-October .
- Examples: paddy, maize, jawar, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute etc.
- Rice growing regions : Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Konkan coast( Maharashtra).
- In states like Assam, West Bengal, and Odisha , three crops of paddy are grown in a year , namely Aus , Aman and Boro .
- Zaid crops are sown between the rabi and Kharif seasons i.e from March to June.
- Crops produced during Zaid season : watermelon, muskmelon, fodder crops, cucumber, etc.