• Several different kinds of food and fibre crops, vegetables and fruits, spices and sauces, etc. are among the significant crops farmed in the country.
  • India has three cropping seasons.

Cropping Pattern - Teachoo.png


  • Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.
  • Precipitation during winter due to western temperate cyclones helps these crops to grow .
  • Success of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh, and some areas of Rajasthan also influenced the growth of rabi crops .
  • Examples : wheat, barley, peas, gram, and mustard .


  • Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon and these are harvested in September-October .
  • Examples: paddy, maize, jawar, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute etc.
  • Rice growing regions : Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Konkan coast( Maharashtra).
  •  In states like Assam, West Bengal, and Odisha , three crops of paddy are grown in a year , namely Aus , Aman and Boro .


  • Zaid crops are sown between the rabi and Kharif seasons i.e from March to June.
  • Crops produced during Zaid season : watermelon, muskmelon, fodder crops, cucumber, etc.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.