Assertion (A): Agriculture is an old economic activity.

Reason (R): Farming varies from subsistence to commercial type.

Answer: 

Agriculture is an old economic activity. Cultivation techniques change from crop to crop depending upon the characteristics of physical, environmental, and technical methods. 

Therefore, 

  • Assertion (A): Agriculture is an old economic activity - Agriculture was started in 9000 BCE . So, this is true
  • Reasoning (R): Farming varies from subsistence to commercial type - Cultivation techniques change from crop to crop depending upon the characteristics of physical, environmental, and technical methods . So, this is true.
  • But, different farming methods have no relation to agriculture being an old economic activity. So, reasoning is not a correct explanation of assertion

Thus, 

  • Assertion is true .
  • Reasoning is true
  • But reasoning is not a correct explanation of Assertion. 

So, the correct answer is (B)

 

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.