Read the extract given below and answer the questions:

Wheat

This is the second most important cereal crop. It is the main food crop, in north and north-western part of the country. This rabi crop requires a cool growing season and a bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly-distributed over the growing season. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan. The major wheat-producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh.

Rice

It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.

Question (i)

How much annual rainfall is required for Wheat?

(A) 50 to 75 cm

(B) below 50 cm

(C) Above 100 cm

(D) 75 to 150 cm

Answer:

    From the paragraph 

It is the main food crop, in north and north-western  part of the country. This rabi crop requires a cool  growing season and a bright sunshine at the time  of ripening. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall  evenly-distributed over the growing season.

 

So the correct answer is (A) :  50 to 75 cm

Question (ii)

What is climatic conditions required for Rice?

(A)High rainfall

(B) High temperature

(C) High humidity

(D) All of the above

Answer:

From the paragraph

It is a kharif crop that requires high temperature, (above 25°C)  and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100  cm . In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the  help of irrigation. 

 

So the correct answer is (D): All of the above 

Question (iii)

Identify the Wheat growing zones in India.

(A)The Ganga-Satluj plains in the north-west

(B) Black soil region of the Deccan plateau

(C) Both 'a' and 'b'

(D)None of the above 

Answer:

From the paragraph

There are two important wheat-growing zones in the  country – the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and black soil region of the Deccan . The major  wheat-producing states are Punjab, Haryana, Uttar  Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and parts of Madhya  Pradesh. 

 

So the correct answer is(C):  Both 'a' and 'b' 

Question (iv)

_________ is the largest producer of Rice.

(A)Brazil

(B) India

(C) China

(D) Australia 

Answer:

From the paragraph 

It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India . Our country is the second largest producer  of rice in the world after China . It is a kharif crop  which requires high temperature, (above 25°C)  and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100  cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.

 

So the correct answer is (C) : China

Question (v)

Rice is a _______ crop.

(A) food

(B) plantation

(C) horticulture

(D) Both B & C 

Answer:

From the paragraph 

It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India . Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China.

 

So the correct answer is(A) : Food 

Question (vi)

Identify major difference between wheat crop and rice crop.

(A) Wheat is grown mostly in south India; Rice is grown mostly in north India.

(B) Rice is a Kharif crop; wheat is a rabi crop.

(C) Rice is called grain crop, wheat is called cereal crop.

(D) Both A & C 

Answer:

Wheat

 It is the main food crop, in north and north-western part of the country. T his rabi crop requires a cool growing season and bright sunshine at the time of ripening.

Rice

Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is a kharif crop  which requires high temperature, (above 25°C)  and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100  cm.

 

So the correct answer is (B) :  Rice is a Kharif crop; wheat is a rabi crop

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.