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  • In agriculture apart from grains other edible items are produced .
  • Such as sugarcane, tea, oil seeds, coffee, and horticulture crops.

Food crops other than grains - Teachoo.png


  • It grows in both tropical and subtropical regions .
  • Climatic conditions to grow sugarcane
    • Hot and humid climate .
    • Annual temperature: 21°C to27°C 
    • Annual precipitation between 75cm to 100cm.
  • India is the second largest producer of sugarcane after Brazil.
  • It is the primary source of gur (jaggery), khandsari, molasses, and sugar.
  • Major sugarcane-producing states : Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Punjab, and Haryana.

Oil Seeds

  • About 12% of the country's total cultivated area is dedicated to the cultivation of various oil seeds. 
  •  Main oil seeds produced in India : groundnut, mustard, coconut, sesamum (til), soybean, castor seeds, cotton seeds, linseed, and sunflower.
  • After China, India was the world's second-largest producer of groundnuts in 2018. 
  • After Canada and China, India was the third-largest producer of rapeseed in the world in 2018. 
  • Gujarat is the largest producer of groundnut followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. 


Tea Cultivation - Teachoo.png

    Tea cultivation - Teachoo (2).png

  • Tea is an example of plantation agriculture.
  • It is the significant beverage crop that the British first introduced to India.
  • Cultivate in tropical and subtropical areas with deep, fertile, well-drained soil that is rich in humus and organic matter,
  • Climatic condition 
    • Warm and moist frost-free climate
    • Moderate temperature : 21 °C-29°C
  • Tea is a labour-intensive industry.
  • After China, India was the world's second-largest tea producer in 2018.
  • Major tea-producing states: Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. 


  • Indian coffee is popular for its high quality and demand all over the world.
  • The Arabica variety initially brought from Yemen is produced in the country.
  • Worldwide , there is a high demand for this coffee.
  • Its introduction to agriculture began in the Baba Budan Hills (Karnataka).
  • Major coffee-producing states: Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

Horticulture Crops

  • It consists of the cultivation of fruits and vegetables.
  • After China, India was the world's second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables in 2018. 
  • India produce s both temperate and tropical fruits .
    • Mangoes - Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.
    • Oranges - Nagpur and Cherranpunji
    • Banana - Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu
    •   Lichi and Guava - Uttar Pradesh and Bihar 
    • Pineaaples - Meghalaya
    • Apples and walnut - Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir
  • India is a significant producer of peas, potatoes, cauliflower, onions, cabbage, tomatoes, and brinjal.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.