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The diseases which occur due to lack of nutrients in our diet for a long period of time are known as deficiency diseases.

Proteins 

The deficiency of proteins in our diet causes stunted (slow) growth, swelling of hair, discoloration of hair, skin diseases and diarrhea.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF PROTEINS.jpg

Carbohydrates:

  • If along with the carbohydrates, there is also a deficiency of carbohydrates for a long period of time, the growth of the person will entirely stop.
  •  He/she becomes very weak and thin and may not be able to even move.

DEFICIENCY SYMPTOM OF CARBOHYDRATES.jpg

All Deficiency Diseases - Full list

The deficiency of vitamins too causes a variety of diseases in the body some of which are listed below:

 

Vitamin/Mineral

Deficiency Disease / Disorder 

Symptoms

Vitamin A

Loss of vision

Poor vision, loss of vision in darkness (night), sometimes,c omplete loss of vision

Vitamin B1

Beriberi

Weak muscles and very little energy to work

Vitamin C

Scurvy

Bleeding gums, wounds take longer time to heal

Vitamin D

Rickets

Bones become soft and bent

Calcium

Bone and tooth decay

Weak bones, tooth decay

Iodine

Goiter

Glands in the neck appear swollen, mental disability in children

Iron

Anemia

Weakness

How can we prevent deficiency?

 

Deficiency can be prevented by having a proper diet which includes all the nutrients which our body requires in the right amount along with roughage and wate r.

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo