Distinguish between esterification and saponification reactions with the help of the chemical equations for each. State one use of each (i) esters, and (ii) saponification process.




Esterification Reaction

Saponification Reaction


In this reaction, alcohol and acid react to form a sweet smelling compound called ester.

In this reaction, esters are hydrolysed by NaOH to give soap (salt of carboxylic acid and Na) and alcohol.


The reaction is:


The reaction is:


  • Esters are used in perfumes and as flavouring agents.
  • It is used as an organic solvent.
  • The process of saponification is used to manufacture soap.
  • It is used in wet chemical fire extinguishers. 


Esterification Reaction - Teachoo.png


Reaction of An ester with A base - Teachoo.png


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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo