Check sibling questions

Distinguish between esterification and saponification reactions with the help of the chemical equations for each. State one use of each (i) esters, and (ii) saponification process.

 

Answer

Heading 

Esterification Reaction

Saponification Reaction

Definition

In this reaction, alcohol and acid react to form a sweet smelling compound called ester.

In this reaction, esters are hydrolysed by NaOH to give soap (salt of carboxylic acid and Na) and alcohol.

Reaction

The reaction is:

 

The reaction is:

Uses

  • Esters are used in perfumes and as flavouring agents.
  • It is used as an organic solvent.
  • The process of saponification is used to manufacture soap.
  • It is used in wet chemical fire extinguishers. 

 

Esterification Reaction - Teachoo.png

 

Reaction of An ester with A base - Teachoo.png

 

983 students joined Teachoo Black. What are you waiting for?

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Expert in Practical Accounts, Taxation and Efiling

Made by

CA Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo