What happens when hydrogen is added to a vegetable oil in the presence of nickel? Name the reaction and write one difference between the physical property of the vegetable oil and the product obtained in this reaction. Write the role of nickel in this reaction.



Vegetable oil which is an unsaturated fatty acid , in presence of hydrogen and nickel undergoes h ydrogenation reaction over double bonds to form vegetable ghee which is a saturated fatty acid .

Since vegetable oil is unsaturated, it is liquid at room temperature while vegetable ghee being saturated is solid.   

In this reaction, nickel acts as a catalyst.

Reaction of Vegetable Oil with Hydrogen - Teachoo.png


Reaction of Vegetable Oil with Hydrogen Vegetable Oil Unsaturated fat Vegetable Ghee Saturated fat Nickel Catalyst Heat

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo