Different Methods of Separating Particles of Mixture

 

Heterogenous mixtures can be separated easily by simple physical methods like handpicking, sieving, filtration etc. as the constituent substances can be easily distinguished.

 

Methods of separating different components of mixture depends upon the type of mixture.

 

Method used are different for different types of mixture as shown below;

 

 

Method Used

Example of Type of Mixture 

Handpicking

Separating stone from pulses

Filtration

Filter paper is used to separate sand from water

Sieving

Separate gravel from sand

Winnowing

Separate husk from grain

Evaporation

It is used to salt from water

Centrifugation

It is used to separate cream or fat from milk

Separating Funnel

It is used to separate 2 immiscible liquids like oil and water

Sublimation

It is used to separate sublimable substance from non-sublimable substance like camphor from salt

Chromatography

It is used to separate solutes which dissolve in same solvent like different color of ink

Distillation

It is used to separate acetone from water

Fractional Distillation

It is used to refine crude oil (convert crude oil into different components like petrol,diesel,kerosene)

 

 

  1. Class 9
  2. Chapter 2 Class 9 - Is Matter Around Us Pure

About the Author

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Founder at Teachoo
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 11 years and a teacher from the past 11 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo