The component which is dissolved in the solvent is called solute.
It is usually present in less quantity.
- In a solution of salt and water, sugar is dissolved
- So, salt is solute.
The component of a solution which dissolves the other component in itself is called solvent.
It is usually present in larger quantities.
- In a solution of salt and water, water dissolves the salt
- So, water is solvent
Difference between Solute and Solvent
|Component which is Dissolved||Component which dissolves the other component|
|It is usually present in smaller quantities||It is usually present in larger quantities|
|Boiling point is higher than solvent||Boiling point is lower than solute|
|Found in solid, liquid or gaseous state||Found majorly in liquid state, but can be gaseous as well|