Explain the measures taken by Gandhiji to eliminate the problem of untouchability.
Points to Remember
- Congress ignored the dalits. Gandhiji c alled the ‘untouchable’ Harijan or children of God .
- Satyagraha to secure their entry into temples.
- Gandhiji himself cleaned toilets
- swaraj would not come for a hundred years if untouchability was not eliminated .
- Persuaded upper castes to change their heart.
Answer to be written in the exam
- Congress for a long time had ignored the Dalits , for fear of offending the Sanatanis , the conservative high-caste Hindus . Gandhiji called the ‘untouchable’ Harijan , or the children of God .
- He Organised Satyagraha to secure them entry into temples , and access to public wells , tanks, roads and schools.
- He himself cleaned toilets to dignify the work of the Bhangi (the sweepers) ,
- Mahatma Gandhi declared that swaraj would not come for a hundred years if untouchability was not eliminated.
- He persuades the upper castes to change their heart and give up the sin of untouchability.