Mass processions on the street became a common feature during the national movement - Teachoo.jpg

  • Nationalism means  sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranational groups.
  • Nationalism brought a change in people’s understanding of who they were, and what defined their identity and sense of belonging
  • Nationalism in Europe came to be associated with the formation of nation-states.
  • In India and many other colonies, the growth of modern nationalism is intimately connected to the anti-colonial movement.
  • In the process of their struggle against colonialism people began to discove r their unity.
  • The sense of being oppressed under colonialism provided a shared bond that tied many different groups together.
  • But each class and group felt the effect of colonialism differently , their experiences were varied , and their notions of freedom were not always the same.
  • The congress under Mahatma Gandhi tried to forge these groups together within one movement, but the unity did not emerge without conflicts .
  • In this chapter we will pick up from the 1920s and study the Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience movements.
  • In this chapter we will explore how Congress sought to develop the national movement, how different social groups participated in the movement and how nationalism captured the imagination of people.


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Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.