Social Science CBSE Class 10 Sample Paper for 2023 Boards

How did the Indian merchants and industrialists relate themselves to the Civil Disobedience Movement? Explain.



Points to remember :

  • Merchants made profits in WW1 and now wanted to retain them.
  • Merchants wanted growth in business.
  • Merchants wanted protection from import of goods.
  • Notable industrialists like : G.D. Birla and Purushottamdas Thakurdas started FICCI.
  • Merchants supported civil disobedience movement.
  • Merchants gave financial assistance.

Answer to be written in exam :

  • In the countryside, rich peasant communities- like PATIDARS of Gujarat and JATS of Uttar Pradesh were active in the movement.
  • During the First World war, Indian merchants and industrialists had made huge profits and become powerful.
  • Now, keen on expanding their businesses they reacted against colonial laws that restricted business activities.
  • They wanted protection against import of foreign goods and a rupee sterling foreign exchange ratio that would discourage imports.
  • To organise business interests, they formed the Indian Industrial and Commercial Congress in 1920 and the Federation of the Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FICCI) in 1927.
  • It was led by Prominent Industrialists Like Purshottamdas Thakurdas And G.D.Birla.
  • The industrialists  attacked  colonial  control  over  the  Indian  economy,  and  supported  the Civil Disobedience Movement .
  • They gave financial assistance and refused to buy or sell imported goods. 
  • Most businessmen wanted to flourish trade without constraints.
  • ( ANY 3 POINTS )


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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.