Vast Natural Resources of India

Rich Quality of Soil

India has large variety of soil which is used to grow different crops

Example - Black soil in Deccan areas is suitable for growing cotton


Number of Rivers and Distributaries

India has large amt of rivers and distributaries which provide water for agriculture as well as provide source of fishing and transportation


Lush Green Forests

India has large amt of forests scattered all around India.

They are habitat of many plants and animals


Range of Mountains

India is blessed with Himalayas in North India which is not only known for tourist place but also provide many medicinal plants


Indian Ocean

India is blessed with vast area near Oceans

Here a, large variety of fishes are found



Fertile Indo-Gangetic Plains

The Indo-Gangetic Planes strech from Arabian Sea to Bay of Bengal

These are most fertile areas of world and hence highly populated


Large Amt of Minerals

Large amt of minerals like iron ore, bauxite, copper, gold etc are found in India

8% of total iron ore reserves are found in India


Due to all this, India is able to support 17% of world's human population and 20% of worlds livestock population in mere 2.5% of geographical area of world



What is effect of economic development of India's Natural resources?

Land Degradation

Land degradation means lack of productivity of soil

India's fertile soil is facing damage due to overuse of fertilizers, deforestation, soil erosion etc


Biodiversity Loss

Cutting of trees in forests for economic development has lead to loss of habitat for wild animals and plants

Many of them have become extinct or on verge of extinction


Air Pollution

Main cause of air pollution is vehicles like two wheelers and cars which run on petrol and diesel

Air pollution is also caused by smoke from factories which damage lungs


Fresh Water Management

India's fresh water comes from river and lakes

However, these are contaminated because of sewage being thrown into it without any processing

Hence, India is facing shortage of drinking water


Solid Waste Management

Large amt of waste is produced by growing population as well as industries

However, they are not disposed off properly

Hence garbage gets piled up in many places causing many diseases



What are Main Causes of Land degradation(or Soil Erosion) In India?


Encroachment into Forests Lands

Overgrazing by Cattle

forest fires

Improper Crop Rotation

Improper Irrigation Systems

Overuse of Fertilizers

Non Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures

Extraction of Ground Water


What is extent of Soil Erosion in India?

Soil is eroded at a rate of 5.3 billion tonnes a year

This leads to loss of

Nitrogen 0.8 million tonnes

Phosphorus 1.8 million tonnes

Potassium 26.3 million tonnes

Quantity of Nutrients list 5.8 to 8.4 million tonnes


NCERT Questions

Question 5

How do the following factors contribute to the environmental crisis in India?

What problem do they pose for the government?

  1. Rising population
  2. Air pollution
  3. Water contamination
  4. Affluent consumption standards
  5. literacy
  6. Industrialization
  7. Urbanization
  8. Reduction of forest coverage
  9. Poaching
  10. Global warming.
View Answer


Question 7

Identify six factors contributing to land degradation in India.

View Answer


Question 10

India has abundant natural resources — substantiate the statement.

View Answer


Question 13

State any four pressing environmental concerns of India.

View Answer


Question 16

Highlight any two serious adverse environmental consequences of development in India.

India’s environmental problems pose a dichotomy — they are poverty induced and, at the same time, due to affluence in living standards — is this true?

View Answer


Example 1

Suppose there are only 3 Transactions
In books of an Advocate
01-Mar Cash Introduced as Capital Rs 70000
05-Mar Rent paid as Cash Rs 10000
30-Mar Cash received for Consultancy Service Provided 30000

Pass Journal Entries,Make Ledgers and prepare Trial Balance
Step 1
In this case,first we will pass Journal Entry in Journal Proper

New Image 4.jpg


New Image 3.jpg


Joural Entry.jpg





Acc 1.JPG Acc 2.JPG



Acc 1.jpg


Acc 2.jpg


Acc 3.jpg

Sample 1

What are Purchase and Sales.jpg

Sample 2

New Image 1.jpg New Image 2.jpg

Sample 3

What are Purchase and Sales

Example 1

Suppose a Mobile Shop buys Mobile

Phone for Rs 10000

He sells it for Rs 11000

What is Sales,purchase and profit he earns

Particular Amount
Sales 11000
Purchase 10000
Profit 1000


What is Sales?

It is the transaction involving exchange

of goods and services for money

When we sell goods,we exchange goods

to get money from customer



Sample 4


What are Purchase.jpg What is profit.jpg


Sample 5

What are Purchase and Sales- Full.jpg



Vast Natural Resources of India Rich Quality of Soil No of Rivers and Distributaries Lush green Forests Range of Mountains Vast Area near Ocean Large Amt of Minerals Due to all this, India is able to support 17% of World’s Human Population and 20% of worlds livestock population in mere 2.5% for geographical area of world Effect of Economic Development of India's Natural resources What we did for Economic Development Green Revolution (Increase use of Fertilizers , Pesticides) Urbanization (Cutting of trees to make way for cities) What was the Effect? Land Degradation Biodiversity Loss (Loss of habitat of Plants and Animals) Effect of Economic Development of India's Natural resources What we did for Economic Development What was the Effect? Improvement in Modes of Transport Air Pollution Causing Health Problems Industrialisation of India Drinking Water Shortage Causes of Land Degradation in India Deforestation Overgrazing by Cattle Overuse of Fertilizers Forest Fires Improper Irrigation Systems Improper Crop Rotation Non Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources of Energy Conventional Sources Those sources of energy which have been used for a long time are called Conventional sources Example Coal (Thermal Energy) Hydro Energy Cow Dung Firewood These generate more pollution and damage environment These sources of energy are generally used Non Conventional Sources These are sources of energy which have not been much used due to lack of technological devices Example Wind Energy Solar Energy These are more environment friendly These sources of energy are less used currently but their use is growing

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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo