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Vast Natural Resources of India

Rich Quality of Soil

India has large variety of soil which is used to grow different crops

Example - Black soil in Deccan areas is suitable for growing cotton

 

Number of Rivers and Distributaries

India has large amt of rivers and distributaries which provide water for agriculture as well as provide source of fishing and transportation

 

Lush Green Forests

India has large amt of forests scattered all around India.

They are habitat of many plants and animals

 

Range of Mountains

India is blessed with Himalayas in North India which is not only known for tourist place but also provide many medicinal plants

 

Indian Ocean

India is blessed with vast area near Oceans

Here a, large variety of fishes are found

 

 

Fertile Indo-Gangetic Plains

The Indo-Gangetic Planes strech from Arabian Sea to Bay of Bengal

These are most fertile areas of world and hence highly populated

 

Large Amt of Minerals

Large amt of minerals like iron ore, bauxite, copper, gold etc are found in India

8% of total iron ore reserves are found in India

 

Due to all this, India is able to support 17% of world's human population and 20% of worlds livestock population in mere 2.5% of geographical area of world

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What is effect of economic development of India's Natural resources?

Land Degradation

Land degradation means lack of productivity of soil

India's fertile soil is facing damage due to overuse of fertilizers, deforestation, soil erosion etc

 

Biodiversity Loss

Cutting of trees in forests for economic development has lead to loss of habitat for wild animals and plants

Many of them have become extinct or on verge of extinction

 

Air Pollution

Main cause of air pollution is vehicles like two wheelers and cars which run on petrol and diesel

Air pollution is also caused by smoke from factories which damage lungs

 

Fresh Water Management

India's fresh water comes from river and lakes

However, these are contaminated because of sewage being thrown into it without any processing

Hence, India is facing shortage of drinking water

 

Solid Waste Management

Large amt of waste is produced by growing population as well as industries

However, they are not disposed off properly

Hence garbage gets piled up in many places causing many diseases

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What are Main Causes of Land degradation(or Soil Erosion) In India?

Deforestation

Encroachment into Forests Lands

Overgrazing by Cattle

forest fires

Improper Crop Rotation

Improper Irrigation Systems

Overuse of Fertilizers

Non Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures

Extraction of Ground Water

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What is extent of Soil Erosion in India?

Soil is eroded at a rate of 5.3 billion tonnes a year

This leads to loss of

Nitrogen 0.8 million tonnes

Phosphorus 1.8 million tonnes

Potassium 26.3 million tonnes

Quantity of Nutrients list 5.8 to 8.4 million tonnes

 

NCERT Questions

Question 5

How do the following factors contribute to the environmental crisis in India?

What problem do they pose for the government?

  1. Rising population
  2. Air pollution
  3. Water contamination
  4. Affluent consumption standards
  5. literacy
  6. Industrialization
  7. Urbanization
  8. Reduction of forest coverage
  9. Poaching
  10. Global warming.
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Question 7

Identify six factors contributing to land degradation in India.

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Question 10

India has abundant natural resources — substantiate the statement.

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Question 13

State any four pressing environmental concerns of India.

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Question 16

Highlight any two serious adverse environmental consequences of development in India.

India’s environmental problems pose a dichotomy — they are poverty induced and, at the same time, due to affluence in living standards — is this true?

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Transcript

Vast Natural Resources of India Rich Quality of Soil No of Rivers and Distributaries Lush green Forests Range of Mountains Vast Area near Ocean Large Amt of Minerals Due to all this, India is able to support 17% of World’s Human Population and 20% of worlds livestock population in mere 2.5% for geographical area of world Effect of Economic Development of India's Natural resources What we did for Economic Development Green Revolution (Increase use of Fertilizers , Pesticides) Urbanization (Cutting of trees to make way for cities) What was the Effect? Land Degradation Biodiversity Loss (Loss of habitat of Plants and Animals) Effect of Economic Development of India's Natural resources What we did for Economic Development What was the Effect? Improvement in Modes of Transport Air Pollution Causing Health Problems Industrialisation of India Drinking Water Shortage Causes of Land Degradation in India Deforestation Overgrazing by Cattle Overuse of Fertilizers Forest Fires Improper Irrigation Systems Improper Crop Rotation Non Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources of Energy Conventional Sources Those sources of energy which have been used for a long time are called Conventional sources Example Coal (Thermal Energy) Hydro Energy Cow Dung Firewood These generate more pollution and damage environment These sources of energy are generally used Non Conventional Sources These are sources of energy which have not been much used due to lack of technological devices Example Wind Energy Solar Energy These are more environment friendly These sources of energy are less used currently but their use is growing

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.