Check sibling questions

What is Sustainable Development?

It means

Development which meets need of present generation

without compromising ability of future generation

to meet their own needs

(Definition by UNCEF - United Nation Conference on Environment and Development)

 

In easy language,

It means our economic development should not damage the environment so much that our future generations have to face environmental problems

For example

Our factories should not generate so much air pollution that it is difficult to survive for our future generations

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Important Points of Sustainable Development

How can we achieve Sustainable Development?

1. Limiting the Human Population

Lesser the population, less will be burden on environment (Example less trees to be cut,less water is polluted,less garbage produced)

 

2. Technological Progress should be input efficient, not input consuming

(We should develop new technologies which use those inputs which are environment friendly and available in large amount

(Instead of generating electricity from coal, we can use solar power)

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3. Rate of extraction of renewable resources should not be more than rate of regeneration

(Example - Tree is a renewable resource, if 1000 Trees are cut, more than 10000 should be planted in its place)

 

4. Controlling Pollution

(Air and water pollution should be controlled so that our future generation have clean air to breathe and clean water to drink)

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For Non Renewable Resources, Rate of depletion should not exceed rate of creation of renewable substitutes

(Example - We are using coal and petroleum which are depleting fast,

In its place we should develop alternatives like wind energy, solar energy)

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What is Brundtland Commission?

It is a suborganization of United Nations.

Its aim is to unite countries in pursuit of sustainable development

This commission emphasizes on following points

We should protect the interests of future generation

It is our moral responsibility to hand over planet in good order to future generation

They should have a quality of life no less than what we inherited

It furnished a report called 'Our Common Future'

As per this Report,

Sustainable development means meeting basic needs of all

"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

 

 

 

NCERT Questions

Question 9

Outline the steps involved in attaining sustainable development in India.

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Question 17

What is sustainable development?

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Question 18

Keeping in view your locality, describe any four strategies of sustainable development

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Question 19

Explain the relevance of intergenerational equity in the definition of sustainable development.

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Transcript

What is Sustainable Development Sustainable Something Which can be maintained for long period of time (For future generation) Development Progress or Economic Development (for current generation) Sustainable Development Development which meet needs of current Generation without compromising ability of future generation to meet their needs SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Maintained for Long term Economic Development Why Sustainable Development Needed Today Factories in Cities Creating Development But Generating Pollution Today Petroleum Extracted to be used in Vehicles In Future Bad Air Quality Creating Health Problems Impossible to live in City No Petroleum Left for Vehicles/Industries Sustainable Development needed because Our economic development should not damage the environment so much that our future generations have to face environmental problems How to do Sustainable Development Problems Population Explosion (Creating Burden on Resources) Technological Progress Is Input Consuming Limiting the Population to reduce burden Technological Progress should be Input Efficient How to do Sustainable Development Problems Renewable Resources like Trees have High Rate of Extraction (very little regenerated) Factories and Households causing too much Pollution Damaging environment For Renewable Resources Rate of Regeneration should be higher than Rate of Extraction Pollution Control Measures required so that Future generation enjoy clean water and air How to do Sustainable Development Problems Non-Renewable Resources Like Petroleum Depleting Fast How To Do Non-Renewable Resources Rate of depletion should not exceed rate of creation of renewable substitutes

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.