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Ex 10.3, 6 - Chapter 10 Class 11 Straight Lines - Part 4

Ex 10.3, 6 - Chapter 10 Class 11 Straight Lines - Part 5

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Ex 10.3, 6 Find the distance between parallel lines (ii) 𝑙(x + y) + p = 0 and 𝑙(x + y) – r = 0 We know that, distance between two parallel lines Ax + By + C1 = 0 & Ax + By + C2 = 0 is d = |𝐢_1 βˆ’ 𝐢_2 |/√(𝐴^2 + 𝐡^2 ) Equation of the first line is 𝑙(x + y) + p = 0 𝑙x + 𝑙y + p = 0 Above equation is of the form Ax + By + C1 = 0 where A = 𝑙 , B = 𝑙 & C1 = p Equation of the second line is 𝑙(x + y) βˆ’ r = 0 𝑙x + ly – r = 0 The above equation is of the form Ax + By + C2 = 0 where A = 𝑙 , B = 𝑙 , C2 = βˆ’r Distance between parallel lines 𝑙(x + y) + p = 0 & 𝑙(x + y) βˆ’ r = 0 is d = |𝐢_1 βˆ’ 𝐢_2 |/√(𝐴^2 + 𝐡^2 ) Putting values d = |𝑝 βˆ’ (βˆ’π‘Ÿ)|/√(𝑙^2 + 𝑙^2 ) d = |𝑝 + π‘Ÿ|/√(2𝑙^2 ) d = (|𝑝 + π‘Ÿ| )/(|𝑙|√2) d = |(𝑝 + π‘Ÿ )/(π‘™βˆš2)| Thus, the required distance is |(𝒑 + 𝒓 )/(π’βˆšπŸ)| units

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