Question 11
It is given that ∆ ABC ~ ∆ DFE, ∠ A = 30°, ∠ C = 50°, AB = 5 cm, AC = 8 cm and DF = 7.5 cm. Then, the following is true:
(A) DE = 12 cm, ∠ F = 50° (B) DE = 12 cm, ∠ F = 100°
(C) EF = 12 cm, ∠ D = 100° (D) EF = 12 cm, ∠ D = 30°
So, our triangles look like
Now,
∠ D = ∠ A = 30°
∠ E = ∠ C = 50°
And, in Δ DEF
By Angle sum property
∠ D + ∠ F + ∠ E = 180°
30° + ∠ F + 50° = 180°
80° + ∠ F = 180°
∠ F = 180 − 80°
∠ F = 100°
Since ∠ F = 100° & ∠ D = 30°
So, only option (B) and option (D) can be the answer
Since ∆ ABC ~ ∆ DFE
Corresponding sides are proportional
∴ 𝐴𝐵/𝐷𝐹=𝐴𝐶/𝐷𝐸=𝐵𝐶/𝐸𝐹
Putting values
𝟓/(𝟕.𝟓)=𝟖/𝑫𝑬=𝑩𝑪/𝑬𝑭
Comparing
𝟓/(𝟕.𝟓)=𝟖/𝑫𝑬
2/3=8/𝐷𝐸
DE = 8 × 3/2
DE = 12 cm
Thus, DE = 12 cm & ∠ F = 100°
So, the correct answer is (B)

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.

Hi, it looks like you're using AdBlock :(

Displaying ads are our only source of revenue. To help Teachoo create more content, and view the ad-free version of Teachooo... please purchase Teachoo Black subscription.

Please login to view more pages. It's free :)

Teachoo gives you a better experience when you're logged in. Please login :)

Solve all your doubts with Teachoo Black!

Teachoo answers all your questions if you are a Black user!