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D and E are respectively the points on the sides AB and AC of a triangle ABC such that AD = 2 cm, BD = 3 cm, BC = 7.5 cm and DE ∥ BC. Then, length of DE (in cm) is

(A) 2.5  

(B) 3  

(C) 5  

(D) 6

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Question 2 D and E are respectively the points on the sides AB and AC of a triangle ABC such that AD = 2 cm, BD = 3 cm, BC = 7.5 cm and DE ∥ BC. Then, length of DE (in cm) is (A) 2.5 (B) 3 (C) 5 (D) 6 Since DE ∥ BC ∠ ADB = ∠ ABD ∠ AED = ∠ ACB Thus, by AA Similarity Δ ADE ~ Δ ABC (Corresponding angles) (Corresponding angles) Since sides are proportional in similar triangles 𝐴𝐷/𝐴𝐵=𝐷𝐸/𝐵𝐶 𝟐/(𝟐 + 𝟑)=𝑫𝑬/(𝟕.𝟓) 2/5=𝐷𝐸/7.5 2/5 × 7.5 = DE 2 × 1.5 = DE 3 = DE DE = 3 cm So, the correct answer is (B)

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.