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Class 12
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A relation R in 𝑆 = {1,2,3} is defined as 𝑅 = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (2, 2), (3, 3)}. Which element(s) of relation R be removed to make R an equivalence relation?

A relation R in S = {1,2,3} is defined as R = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (2, 2)

 

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Question 2 A relation R in 𝑆 = {1, 2, 3} is defined as 𝑅 = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (2, 2), (3, 3)}. Which element(s) of relation R be removed to make R an equivalence relation? R = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (2, 2), (3, 3)} Here, since we have (1, 2), We need to have (2, 1) also… to make it symmetric But, if we remove (1, 2), Then our Relation can be symmetric, reflexive and transitive i.e. equivalent Thus, we remove (1, 2)

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