We saw that Refractive Index is

the ratio of sin i and sin r

But, there is another formula of Refractive Index

Relation of Refractive Index to Speed of Light

We know that light travels at different speeds in different mediums

It travels faster in air than in solids like glass

Refractive index means how slow light is travelling in 1 medium, compared to another

So, here.. we have two mediums (Example - air and glass), and refractive index is with respect to another medium

Refractive Index and Speed of Light - Teachoo.jpg

What is Absolute Refractive Index

The Refractive Index of a Medium with respect to vacuum is called Absolute Refractive Index

Absolute Refractive Index - Teachoo.jpg

 

 



Absolute Refractive Index of Different Materials

Table 10.3 NCERT - Refractive Index of Some Media.jpg

 


What is Optically Rarer and Denser Medium

If we compare refractive index of 2 mediums

Those Mediums which have Higher Refractive Index are called Optically Denser Mediums

Those mediums which have a lower refractive index are called Optically Rarer Mediums

 

Example

Refractive Index of Air is 1.0003 and Water is 1.33

It means that Water is Optically Denser Medium as compared to Air

We can also say that

Air is Optically Rarer Medium as compared to Water



Important Points

If a ray of light travels from Optically Rarer Medium to a Denser Medium

It bends towards the normal

 

If a ray of light travels from Optically Denser Medium to a Rarer Medium

It bends away from normal

 

What is Optical Density

The ability of a medium to refract light is called Optical Density

It depends upon Refractive Index of a Medium

If Medium has a higher Refractive Index, it means it has Higher Optical Density

 

Questions 

Question 2 Page 176 - Light enters from air to glass having refractive index 1.50. What is the speed of light in the glass? The speed of light in vacuum is 3 × 10 8 m s –1

View Answer

 

 

Question 3 Page 176 - Find out, from Table 10.3, the medium having highest optical density. Also find the medium with lowest optical density

View Answer

 

Question 4 Page 176 - You are given kerosene, turpentine and water. In which of these does the light travel fastest? Use the information given in Table 10.3

View Answer

 

Question 5 Page 176 - The refractive index of diamond is 2.42. What is the meaning of this statement?

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  1. Class 10
  2. Chapter 10 Class 10 - Light - Reflection and Refraction

Transcript

Refractive Index and Speed of Light Refractive index of Medium 2 with respect to Medium 1 = (𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“ πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 1)/(𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 2) 𝑛_21 = (𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“ πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 1)/(𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 2) Opposite is also true Refractive index of Medium 1 with respect to Medium 2 = (𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“ πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 2)/(𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 1) 𝑛_12 = (𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“ πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 2)/(𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 1) Absolute Refractive Index We know that Refractive index of Medium 2 with respect to Medium 1 = (𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“ πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 1)/(𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 2) If Medium 1 is vacuum, our formula becomes Refractive index of Medium 2 with respect to Vacuum = (𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“ πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘‰π‘Žπ‘π‘’π‘’π‘š)/(𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 2) Absolute Refractive index of Medium 2 = (𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“ πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘‰π‘Žπ‘π‘’π‘’π‘š)/(𝑆𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑑 π‘œπ‘“πΏπ‘–π‘”β„Žπ‘‘ 𝑖𝑛 π‘€π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘’π‘š 2)

About the Author

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.