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Example 20 - Verify (i) (A')' = A (ii) (A + B)' = A' + B' - Examples

  1. Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices
  2. Serial order wise
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Example 20 If A = [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)] and B = [■8(2&−1&2@1&2&4)] Verify that (i) (A’)’ = A, A = [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)] A’ = [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)]^′= [■8(3&4@√3&2@2&0)] (A’)’ = [■8(3&4@√3&2@2&0)]^′= [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)] = A Thus (A’)’ = A Example 20 If A = [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)] and B = [■8(2&−1&2@1&2&4)] Verify that (ii) (A + B)’ = A’ + B’, Taking L.H.S First finding (A + B) (A + B) = [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)] + [■8(2&−1&2@1&2&4)] = [■8(3+2 &√3+(−1)&2+2@4+1&2+2&0+4)] = [■8(5&√3−1&4@5&4&4)] Thus, (A + B)’ = [■8(5&5@√3−1&4@4&4)] Taking R.H.S A’ + B’ Finding A’ A = [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)] A’ = [■8(3&4@√3&2@2&0)] Also, B = [■8(2&−1&2@1&2&4)] B‘ = [■8(2&1@−1&2@2&4)]Now, A’ + B’ =[■8(3&4@√3&2@2&0)] +[■8(2&1@−1&2@2&4)] = [■8(3+2&4+1@√3+(−1)&2+2@2+0&0+4)] = [■8(5&5@√3−1&4@4&4)] = L.H.S Hence, L.H.S = R.H.S Hence Proved Example 20, If A = [■8(3&√3&2@4&2&0)] and B = [■8(2&−1&2@1&2&4)] .Verify that (iii) (kB)’ = kB’, where k is any constant. Taking L.H.S (kB)’ Finding kB first kB = k [■8(2&−1&2@1&2&4)] = [■8(2k&−k&2k@k&2k&4k)] (kB)’ = [■8(2k&k@−𝑘&2𝑘@2k&4k)] Taking R.H.S kB’ Finding B’ first B = [■8(2&−1&2@1&2&4)] B’ = [■8(2&1@−1&2@2&4)] kB’ = k[■8(2&1@−1&2@2&4)] = [■8(2k&k@−k&2k@2k&4k)] = L.H.S Hence, L.H.S = R.H.S Hence Proved.

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Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He provides courses for Mathematics from Class 9 to 12. You can ask questions here.
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