# Example 18 - Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices

Last updated at Jan. 17, 2020 by Teachoo

Last updated at Jan. 17, 2020 by Teachoo

Transcript

Example 18 If A = [■8(1&2&3@3&−2&1@4&2&1)] then show that A3 – 23A – 40I = O Finding A2 A2 = AA = [■8(1&2&3@3&−2&1@4&2&1)] [■8(1&2&3@3&−2&1@4&2&1)] = [■8(1(1)+2(3)+3(4)&1(2)+2(−2)+3(2)&1(3)+2(1)+3(1)@3(1)+(−2)(3)+1(4)&3(2)+(−2)(−2)+1(2)&3(3)+(−2)(1)+1(1)@4(1)+2(3)+1(4)&4(2)+2(−2)+1(2)&4(3)+(2)(1)+1(1))] = [■8(1+6+12&2−4+6&3+2+3@3−6+4&6+4+2&9−2+1@4+6+4&8−4+2&12+2+1)] = [■8(19&4&8@1&12&8@14&6&15)] Finding A3 A3 = A2 A = [■8(19&4&8@1&12&8@14&6&15)] [■8(1&2&3@3&−2&1@4&2&1)] = [■8(19(1)+4(3)+8(4)&19(2)+4(−2)+8(2)&19(3)+4(1)+8(1)@1(1)+12(3)+8(4)&1(2)+12(−2)+8(2)&1(3)+12(1)+8(1)@14(1)+6(3)+15(4)&14(2)+6(−2)+15(2)&14(3)+6(1)+15 (1))] = [■8(19+12+32&38−8+16&57+4+8@1+36+32&2−24+16&3+12+8@14+18+60&28−12+30&42+6+15)] = [■8(63&46&69@69&−6&23@92&46&63)] Calculating A3 – 23A – 40I = [■8(63&46&69@69&−6&23@92&46&63)] −23 [■8(1&2&3@3&−2&1@4&2&1)] −40 [■8(1&0&0@0&1&0@0&0&1)] = [■8(63&46&69@69&−6&23@92&46&63)] −[■8(23×1&23×2&23×3@23×3&23×(−2)&23×1@23×4&23×(2)&23×1)] − [■8(1×40&0×40&0×40@0×40&1×40&0×40@0×40&0×40&1×40)] = [■8(63&46&69@69&−6&23@92&46&63)] ⤶7− [■8(23&46&69@69&−46&23@92&46&23)] ⤶7− [■8(40&0&0@0&40&0@0&0&40)] = [■8(63−23−40&46−46+0&69−69+0@69−69+0&−6+46−40&23−23+0@92−92+0&46−46+0&63−23−40)] = [■8(0&0&0@0&0&0@0&0&0)] = O Hence proved.

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Example 5 Important

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Example 18 Important You are here

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Example 20 Important

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Example 22 Important

Example 23 Deleted for CBSE Board 2021 Exams only

Example 24 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2021 Exams only

Example 25 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2021 Exams only

Example 26 Important

Example 27 Important

Example 28

Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices

Serial order wise

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 10 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.