Describe the regional variations in the climatic conditions of India with the help of suitable examples

 

Answer:

Points to Remember

Regional variations in the climatic conditions of India

1. Temperature

    1. In Summer - the Rajasthan desert -  experienced 50°C , temperatures in Pahalgam, Jammu, and Kashmir 20°C. 
    2. In December and January-  The temperature in Drass, Jammu, and Kashmir, is - minus 45°C , and Thiruvananthapuram is-  22°C.

2. Precipitation 

    1. The Windward side of the western ghats receives high rainfall.
    2. Rainfall western coas t and northeastern India exceeds 400 cm.
    3. Desserts areas of Rajasthan and Gujarat receive scanty rainfall

Answer to be written in exam

There exist huge regional variations in the climatic conditions of India. The temperature and precipitation of any region across the county vary from different place to place as well as from season to season. 

1. Temperature

  1. In summer , temperatures in some parts of the Rajasthan desert (Northwestern India)  experienced 50°C while temperatures in Pahalgam, Jammu, and Kashmir (Northen India), can reach 20°C. 
  2. In December and January, the temperature decreases from South to North. The temperature in Drass, Jammu, and Kashmir, can drop to minus 45°C . Whereas  Thiruvananthapuram, on the other hand, may experience temperatures as high as 22°C.

2. Precipitation 

  1. In June and July, the windward side of the western ghats receives high rainfall.
  2. Annual rainfall in parts of the western coas t and northeastern India exceeds 400 cm.
  3. Desserts areas of Rajasthan and Gujarat receive scanty rainfall i.e less than 60cm.
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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.